Monday, October 25, 2010

National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM)

Aiming to complete eradication of poverty from rural india by 2015, the steering committee of 11th Finance Commission proposed a draft similar to the earlier SGSY (Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yoyona).The department of National Rural Development accepted the proposal as soon as it was reported. The National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) came in the forefront after that.

SGSY, which was introduced on 1st April 1999, was intended to ensure financial support for the crores of people living in rural india through a systemetic approach. Mainly, the development was encompassed to uplift the financial standards while other factors necessary for a proper development of society was neglected at that time.

After reviewing the development index of the last ten years, experts felt an immediate change in the project because poverty is dependant upon a number of factors and money is one of them but not the only factor. The objective of the Mission is to reduce poverty among rural BPL by promoting diversified and gainful-self employment opportunities which would lead to an appreciable increase in income on sustainable basis. The mission proposes to achieve the following ‘Outputs’ and ‘Outcomes’ by 2016-17.

Highlights of the Mission:

• The target population will be deprived sections of the society, the SC/ST, women and the minorities in the BPL category
• To bring at least one member from each BPL family into the mission
• To provide wage employment by tapping the opportunities arising at the lower end of the skill base in the sunrise sectors of the economy like textiles, construction, hospitality, security, auto-mobile, health, services etc.
• It is proposed to have a three-tier interdependent structure at the National, State and the Panchayat level. The Governing council of the Mission at the central level will be the policy making body setting overall vision and direction to the mission.
NRLM programms is proposed to be implemented in all rural districts of different states excluding the districts in Delhi and Chandigarh
• In respect of north-eastern states, J&K, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarkhand, the Government of India and state share will be in the proportion of 90:10, respectively

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